What is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a nerve condition. Neuropathy refers to common impairments or diseases of nerves of your body. Any nerve of your body can be flawed due to any disease or injury which causes neuropathies. Neuropathy is classified according to the location of afflicted nerves. Neuropathy can also be classified as per the disease causing it.
What are the main types of Neuropathy?
Mainly there are 5 types of neuropathy:
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Cranial neuropathy
- Autonomic neuropathy
- Focal neuropathy
- Proximal neuropathy
What are the causes of Neuropathy?
Neuropathy can be caused by any injury, vitamin deficiencies, or infections. In some people neuropathies may be inherited at birth and sometimes affected later in life. Other factors that may cause neuropathy are physical trauma, autoimmune disorders, kidney disorders, exposure to heavy metals, hormonal disorders, chemical imbalances, alcohol addiction, certain cancers, tumors, blood disease, blood vessel damage, chronic inflammation and certain medications including antibiotics, antiviral, anticonvulsants and anti-cancer medications.
What are the complications associated with Neuropathy?
Neuropathy can lead to assorted mild to serious complexities’ due to its symptoms. Numbness can make you less sensitive or unable to feel temperature and pain. Lack of sensations in feet can make you more prone to develop infections from traumatic injuries. It may develop certain physical malformations like deformities in hands and foot.
What are the treatments for Neuropathy?
Physical and occupational therapies can help people decrease their neuropathic pain, maintain and improve mobility and make required lifestyle adjustments. These therapies help individuals resume their routine daily activities and improve work performance. These therapies include exercises, balance training, braces and occupational therapy, help prevent falls, adjust postural habits, avoid exposure to toxic substances, make ergonomic changes at work to increase mobility and reduce pain. Other treatment options for neuropathy include nerve blocks, medications, pain pumps and spinal cord stimulators.